Phonemic awareness is the ability to notice, think about, and work with the individual sounds in words.
Phonics and Decoding
Phonics is the understanding that there is a predictable relationship between the sounds of spoken language, and the letters and spellings that represent those sounds in written language. Successful decoding occurs when a student uses his or her knowledge of letter-sound relationships to accurately read a word.
Fluency is the ability to read a text correctly and quickly.
Vocabulary refers to the words children must know to communicate effectively. In school terms, it can be described as oral vocabulary or reading vocabulary.
Teaching children to understand what they read.